Nashville, Tennessee

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: North American Geography

Nashville, Tennessee
Skyline of Nashville, Tennessee
Official flag of Nashville, Tennessee
Official seal of Nashville, Tennessee
Flag Seal
Nickname: "Music City"
Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee
Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°10′00″N, 86°47′00″W
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Davidson County
Founded: 1779
Incorporated: 1806
Mayor Bill Purcell ( D)
 - City 526.1 mi² - 1,362.5 km²
 - Land 502.2 mi² - 1,300.8 km²
 - Water 23.9 mi² - 61.8 km²
Elevation 182 m  (597 ft)
 - City (2005) 575,261
 - Density 1,145.5/mi² - 442.2/km²
 - Metro 1,422,544
Time zone CST ( UTC-6)
 - Summer ( DST) CDT ( UTC-5)
ZIP codes 37201–37250

Nashville is the capital and the second most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is located on the Cumberland River in Davidson County in the north-central part of the state. Nashville is a major hub for the health care, music, publishing, and transportation industries.

Nashville's population stood at 575,261 as of 2005, according to United States Census Bureau estimates. The 2005 population of the entire 13-county Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area was 1,422,544, making it the largest and fastest-growing metropolitan area in the state.

A resident of Nashville is called a Nashvillian.


Nashville was founded by James Robertson and a party of Wataugans in 1779, and was originally called Fort Nashborough, after the American Revolutionary War hero Francis Nash. Nashville quickly grew due to its prime location, accessibility as a river port, and its later status as a major railroad centre. In 1806 Nashville was incorporated as a city and became the county seat of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1843, the city was named the permanent capital of the state of Tennessee.

By 1860, when the first rumblings of secession began to be heard across the South, Nashville was a very prosperous city. Tennessee reluctantly sided with the Confederacy and became the last state to secede from the Union. The city's significance as a shipping port made it a desirable prize as a means of controlling important river and railroad transportation routes. In February 1862, Nashville became the first state capital to fall to Union troops.

Though the Civil War left Nashville severely damaged and in dire economic straits, the city quickly rebounded. Within a few years, the city had reclaimed its important shipping and trading position and also developed a solid manufacturing base. The post-Civil War years of the late 19th century brought a newfound prosperity to Nashville. These healthy economic times left the city with a legacy of grand classical-style buildings, which can still be seen around the downtown area.

It was the advent of the Grand Ole Opry in 1925, combined with an already thriving publishing industry, that positioned it to become "Music City USA". In 1963, Nashville consolidated its government with Davidson County and thus became the first major city in the United States to form a metropolitan government. Since the 1970s, the city has experienced tremendous growth, particularly during the economic boom of the 1990s under the leadership of Mayor Phil Bredesen, who made urban renewal a priority, and fostered the construction or renovation of a number of the city's landmarks, including the Country Music Hall of Fame, the Nashville Public Library downtown, the Gaylord Entertainment Centre and LP Field.

The Gaylord Entertainment Centre (formerly the Nashville Arena) was built as both a large concert facility and as an enticement to lure either a National Basketball Association or National Hockey League (NHL) sports franchise. This was accomplished in 1997 when Nashville was awarded an NHL expansion team which was subsequently named the Nashville Predators. LP Field (formerly Adelphia Coliseum) was built after the National Football League's (NFL) Houston Oilers agreed to move to the city in 1995. The NFL debuted in Nashville in 1998 at Vanderbilt Stadium and LP Field opened in the summer of 1999. The Oilers changed their name to the Tennessee Titans and saw a season culminate in the Music City Miracle and a close Super Bowl loss.

Geography and climate

A satellite image of Nashville
A satellite image of Nashville

Nashville lies on the Cumberland River in the northwestern portion of the Nashville Basin. Nashville's topography ranges from 117 meters (385 ft) above sea level at the Cumberland River to 354 meters (1,160 ft) above sea level at its highest point.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1,362.6 km² (526.1 mi²). 1,300.8 km² (502.3 mi²) of it is land and 61.8 km² (23.9 mi²) of it (4.53%) is water.


Average temperature (red) and precipitation (blue) in Nashville
Average temperature (red) and precipitation (blue) in Nashville

Nashville has a humid subtropical climate. Summers in Nashville are generally hot and humid, with July afternoons averaging 89 °F (32 °C). Winters are mild and occasionally chilly, with lows in January averaging 28 °F (−2 °C). Average annual rainfall is 1220 mm (48.1 inches), typically with winter and spring being the wettest and fall being the driest. Average annual snowfall is about 23 cm (9.1 inches), falling mostly in January and February. Spring and fall are generally pleasantly warm, but prone to severe thunderstorms—which occasionally bring tornadoes, with recent major events on April 16, 1998 and April 7, 2006.

The coldest temperature ever recorded in Nashville was on January 21, 1985, when the temperature dipped to -17 °F (-27 °C), and the highest was on July 28, 1952 when the mercury reached 107 °F (42 °C).

Nashville's position within the Nashville Basin can make it very uncomfortable for allergy sufferers, as pollutants can become trapped in the atmosphere between the area's highlands.

Metropolitan area

Nashville has the largest metropolitan area in the state of Tennessee, spanning thirteen counties. The Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area encompasses the Middle Tennessee counties of Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson.

Government and politics

The State Capitol in Nashville
The State Capitol in Nashville

The City of Nashville and Davidson County merged in 1963 as a way for Nashville to combat the problems of urban sprawl. The combined entity is officially known as "the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County," and is popularly known as "Metro Nashville" or simply "Metro". It offers services such as police, fire, electricity, water, and sewage treatment. When the Metro government was formed in 1963, the government was set into two service districts which are the "urban services district" and the "general services district". The urban services district encompasses the historic boundaries of the former City of Nashville and the general services district includes the remainder of Davidson County.

Nashville has a strong-mayor form of government. It is governed by a mayor, vice-mayor and 40-member Metropolitan Council. The current mayor of Nashville is Bill Purcell. The Metropolitan Council is the legislative body of government for Nashville and Davidson County. There are 5 councilmembers who are elected at large and 35 councilmembers that represent individual districts. The Metro Council has regular meetings that are presided over by the vice-mayor, who is currently Howard Gentry, Jr. The Metro Council meets on the first and third Tuesday of each month at 7:00 p.m., according to the Metropolitan Charter.

Nashville is one of the few major Southern cities that has remained loyal to the Democratic Party. Most local elections are officially nonpartisan. However, Democratic dominance is so absolute that most local races take place between the populist and "good government" wings of the Democratic Party. The "good government" faction has held the upper hand for some time. Unlike Indianapolis, the city-county merger did not significantly alter the political landscape. Elected Republicans are few and far between. At the state level, only two Republicans—one in the State House and one in the State Senate—represent significant portions of Nashville.

Democrats are no less dominant at the federal level. Since the end of Reconstruction, the Democratic presidential candidate has won Nashville and Davidson County in every election but two. In 1968, George Wallace of the American Independent Party carried the city by a surprisingly large margin, given Wallace's opposition to racial integration; Nashville was much more progressive than most Southern cities regarding civil rights for African-Americans, especially under Mayor Beverly Briley. In 1972, Richard Nixon became the only Republican to carry Nashville since Reconstruction, gaining support from many area Democrats. However, since then, Democrats have usually won Nashville by some of the largest, if not the largest, margins in Tennessee. In 2000, Al Gore carried Nashville with over 59% of the vote even as he narrowly lost his home state. In 2004, John Kerry carried Nashville with 55% of the vote even as George W. Bush won the state by 14 points.

Despite its size, all of Nashville has been in one congressional district for most of the time since Reconstruction. For most of the time, it has been numbered as the 5th District, currently represented by Democrat Jim Cooper. A Republican has not represented a significant portion of Nashville since 1875. While Republicans made a few spirited challenges in the mid-1960s and early 1970s, they have not made a serious bid for the district since 1972, when the Republican candidate gained only 38% of the vote even as Nixon carried the district by a large margin. The district's best-known congressman was probably Jo Byrns, who represented the district from 1909 to 1936 and was Speaker of the House for much of Franklin Roosevelt's first term. Another nationally prominent congressman from Nashville was Percy Priest, who represented the district from 1941 to 1956 and was House Majority Whip from 1949 to 1953.

A tiny portion of southern Davidson County was drawn into the heavily Republican 7th District after the 2000 Census. That district is currently represented by Marsha Blackburn of neighboring Williamson County. Despite this, most living Nashvillians have never been represented by a Republican.

Because Nashville serves as state capital, many of Tennessee's state issues are handled there, mostly in the Tennessee State Capitol.


Population by year

1830 5,566
1850 10,165
1870 25,865
1890 76,168
1900 80,865
1910 110,364
1920 118,342
1930 153,866
1940 167,402
1950 174,307
1960 170,874
1970 448,003
1980 455,651
1990 488,374
2000 569,891

The data below is for all of Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County, including other incorporated cities within the consolidated city-county (such as Belle Meade and Berry Hill). See Nashville-Davidson (balance) for demographic data on Nashville-Davidson County excluding separately incorporated cities.

Population density map per 2000 census
Population density map per 2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 569,891 people, 237,405 households, and 138,169 families residing in the city. The population density was 438.1/km² (1,134.6/mi²). There were 252,977 housing units at an average density of 194.5/km² (503.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.99% White, 25.92% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.33% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.42% from other races and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.58% of the population. Nashville's estimated population for 2005 is 575,261 people.

There were 237,405 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,797, and the median income for a family was $49,317. Males had a median income of $33,844 versus $27,770 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,069. About 10.0% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. 4.6% of the civilian labor force is unemployed.

Due to its relatively low cost of living and large job market, Nashville has become a popular city for immigrants to settle in. Nashville’s foreign-born population more than tripled in size between 1990 and 2000, increasing from 12,662 to 39,596. Large groups of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Laotians, Arabs, and Somalis call Nashville home, among other groups. Nashville has the largest Kurdish community in the United States, numbering more than 5,000. During the Iraqi election of 2005, Nashville was one of the few international locations where Iraqi expatriates could vote.


As the "home of country music", Nashville has become a major music recording and production centre. All of the Big Four record labels, as well as numerous independent labels, have offices in Nashville, mostly in the Music Row area. Since the 1960s, Nashville has been the second biggest music production centre (after New York) in the U.S. As of 2006, Nashville's music industry is estimated to have a total economic impact of $6.4 billion a year and to contribute 19,000 jobs to the Nashville area.

Although Nashville is renowned as a music recording centre and tourist destination, its largest industry is actually health care. Nashville is home to more than 250 health care companies, including Hospital Corporation of America, the largest private operator of hospitals in the world. As of 2006, it is estimated that the health care industry contributes $18.3 billion a year and 94,000 jobs to the Nashville-area economy. The automotive industry is also becoming increasingly important for the entire Middle Tennessee region. Nissan North America moved its corporate headquarters in 2006 from Gardena, California ( Los Angeles County) to Nashville, with corporate headquarters temporarily located in the BellSouth Tower until 2008, when the Japanese auto maker will establish permanent headquarters in the Nashville suburb of Franklin, Tennessee. Nissan also has its largest North American manufacturing plant in Smyrna, Tennessee, a Nashville suburb.

Other major industries in Nashville include insurance, finance, and publishing (especially religious publishing). The city also hosts headquarters operations for several Protestant denominations, including the United Methodist Church, Southern Baptist Convention, and National Baptist Convention, USA.

Nashville also has a small but growing film industry. Several major motion pictures have been filmed in Nashville, including The Green Mile, The Last Castle, Gummo, Coal Miner's Daughter, and Robert Altman's Nashville.

Fortune 500 companies

  • HCA Inc. (formerly Hospital Corporation of America)
  • Caremark Rx
  • Dollar General Corporation (in Goodlettsville, TN)

Other important companies

Companies based in Nashville with over $1,000M in annual revenue

  • Bridgestone Americas Holding (Bridgestone-Firestone)
  • CBRL Group (in Lebanon, Tennessee)
  • Caterpillar Financial Services Corporation (finance arm of Caterpillar Inc.)
  • Central Parking Corporation
  • Community Health Systems Inc. (in Brentwood, Tennessee)
  • Corrections Corporation of America
  • Delek US Holdings, Inc (in Franklin, Tennessee)
  • Genesco Inc.
  • Iasis Healthcare LLC (in Franklin, Tennessee)
  • Ingram Industries Inc.
  • LifePoint Hospitals Inc. (in Brentwood, Tennessee)
  • Louisiana-Pacific Corporation
  • Nissan North America Inc. (as of summer 2006)
  • Tractor Supply Co. (in Brentwood, Tennessee)
  • Vanguard Health Systems Inc.


Vanderbilt University, founded in 1873, is Nashville's largest university, enrolling over 11,000 students. Other colleges and universities in Nashville include American Baptist College, Aquinas College, Belmont University, Draughons Junior College, Fisk University, Free Will Baptist Bible College, Gupton College, Lipscomb University, Meharry Medical College, Nashville School of Law, Nashville State Community College, Strayer University, Tennessee State University, Trevecca Nazarene University, University of Phoenix, Watkins College of Art and Design, and Nashville Auto Diesel College. Within 30 miles of Nashville in Murfreesboro is Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), a full-sized public university with Tennessee's largest undergraduate population. Enrollment in post-secondary education in the city is 43,000 (approx.). Within the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area which includes MTSU, Cumberland University (Lebanon), Volunteer State Community College (Gallatin), and O'More College of Design (Franklin) total enrollment exceeds 74,000. Within a 40 mile radius is Austin Peay State University (Clarksville) and Columbia State Community College (Columbia), enrolling an additional 13,600.

The city is served by the Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools.


Ryman Auditorium, the "Mother Church of Country Music"
Ryman Auditorium, the "Mother Church of Country Music"

Much of the city's cultural life has revolved around its large university community. Particularly significant in this respect were two groups of critics and writers who were associated with Vanderbilt University in the early twentieth century, the Fugitives and the Agrarians.

Popular destinations include Fort Nashborough, a reconstruction of the original settlement; the Tennessee State Museum; and The Parthenon, a full-scale replica of the original Parthenon in Athens, Greece. The graceful State Capitol is one of the oldest working state capitol buildings in the nation, while The Hermitage is one of the older presidential homes open to the public. The Nashville Zoo is one of the city's newer attractions.

Country music

Many popular tourist sites involve country music, including the Country Music Hall of Fame and Ryman Auditorium, which was for many years the site of the Grand Ole Opry. Each year, the CMA Music Festival (formerly known as Fan Fair) brings many thousands of country fans to the city.

Nashville was once home to the Opryland USA theme park, which operated from 1972 to 1997 before being demolished to make room for the Opry Mills mega- shopping mall.

Lower Broadway is home to many honky tonk bars and clubs. Probably the most famous of these is Tootsie's Orchid Lounge, which has hosted many big names from the country music scene while remaining small, intimate, and relatively unchanged since it started in the sixties.

Christian pop music

The Christian pop music industry is based in Nashville, with many of the genre's most popular acts such as Rebecca St. James, Michael W. Smith, Steven Curtis Chapman, and Newsboys based there. Two members of the band Relient K also live in Nashville. Hence, the city is often known as the 'Hollywood' of the Christian entertainment industry.


Although Nashville was never known as a jazz town, it did have many great jazz bands including The Nashville Jazz Machine led by Dave Converse and its current version, the Nashville Jazz Orchestra led by Jim Williamson as well as The Establishment led by Billy Adair. The Francis Craig Orchestra entertained Nashvillians from 1929 to 1945 from the Oak Bar and Grille Room in the Hermitage Hotel. Craig's orchestra was also the first to broadcast over local radio station WSM and enjoyed phenomenal success with a 12-year show that was aired over the entire NBC network. In the late 1930s he introduced a newcomer, Dinah Shore, a former cheerleader and local graduate of Hume Fogg High School and Vanderbilt University.

Civil War

Civil War history is important to the city's tourism industry. Sites pertaining to the Battle of Nashville and the nearby Battle of Franklin and Battle of Stones River can be seen, along with several well-preserved antebellum plantation houses such as Belle Meade Plantation and Belmont Mansion.

Performing arts

The Parthenon in Nashville's Centennial Park is a full-scale reconstruction of the original Greek Parthenon.
The Parthenon in Nashville's Centennial Park is a full-scale reconstruction of the original Greek Parthenon.

The Tennessee Performing Arts Centre is the major performing arts centre of the city. It is the home of the Tennessee Repertory Theatre, the Nashville Opera, and Nashville Ballet.

In September 2006, the Schermerhorn Symphony Centre opened as the home of the Nashville Symphony Orchestra.

In addition to the work of the resident companies, the TPAC stages productions of touring music and other groups.

Art museums

Nashville has several arts centers and museums, including the Frist Centre for the Visual Arts, located in what was formerly the main post office; Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art; the Tennessee State Museum; Fisk University's Van Vechten and Aaron Douglas Galleries; Vanderbilt University's Fine Art Gallery and Sarratt Gallery; and The Parthenon.

Major annual events

Nashville at dusk
Nashville at dusk

The most well-known annual event in Nashville is the CMA Music Festival (previously known as Fan Fair). The CMA Music Festival is a four day event in June featuring performances by country music stars, autograph signings, artist/fan interaction, and other activities for country music fans. In September, Nashville hosts the Tennessee State Fair at the State Fairgrounds. The State Fair lasts nine days and includes rides, exhibits, rodeos, tractor pulls, and numerous other shows and attractions. The Nashville Film Festival takes place each year for a week in April. It features hundreds of independent films and is one of the biggest film festivals in the Southern United States. In September, the African Street Festival takes place on the campus of Tennessee State University. Other big events in Nashville include the Fourth of July celebration which takes place each year at Riverfront Park, the Country Music Marathon and Half Marathon which normally include over 10,000 runners from around the world, the Tomato Art Festival which takes place in East Nashville every August, and the Australian Festival which celebrates the cultural and business links between the U.S. and Australia.


Nashville has several professional sports teams, most notably the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League and the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League. Several other pro sports teams also call Nashville home, as does the NCAA football Music City Bowl. Nashville is also home to Vanderbilt University. The Vanderbilt Commodores are members of the Southeastern Conference. The football team of Tennessee State University also plays its home games at LP Field. The Nashville Knights ECHL franchise was located in the city before they left to become the Pensacola Ice Pilots after the 1995-96 season.

Club Sport League Venue
Tennessee Titans Football National Football League LP Field
Nashville Predators Hockey National Hockey League Gaylord Entertainment Centre
Nashville Kats Arena football Arena Football League Gaylord Entertainment Centre
Nashville Sounds Baseball Minor League Baseball: Pacific Coast League Herschel Greer Stadium
Nashville Metros Soccer Premier Development League Ezell Park
Nashville Dream Women's football National Women's Football Association Glencliff High School

Sports venues in Nashville are:

  • LP Field
  • Gaylord Entertainment Centre
  • Nashville Municipal Auditorium
  • Greer Stadium
  • Dudley Field at Vanderbilt Stadium at Vanderbilt University
  • Memorial Gymnasium at Vanderbilt University
  • Curb Event Centre at Belmont University
  • Gentry Centre at Tennessee State University
  • Allen Arena at Lipscomb University
  • Music City Motorplex at state fairgrounds


Metro Board of Parks and Recreation owns and manages 10,200 acres of land and 99 parks and greenways (comprising more than 3% of the total area of the county). 2,684 acres of land is home to Warner Parks, which houses a 5,000 square-foot learning centre, 20 miles of scenic roads, 12 miles of hiking trails, and 10 miles of horse trails. In late 2005, Centennial Park began offering free wireless broadband internet service.

The US Army Corps of Engineers maintains parks on Old Hickory Lake and Percy Priest Lake.


Nashville is centrally located at the crossroads of three Interstate Highways: 40, 24, and 65. Interstate 440 is a bypass route connecting I-40, I-65, and I-24 south of downtown Nashville. The Metropolitan Transit Authority provides bus transit within the city.

The city is served by Nashville International Airport, which was a hub for American Airlines between 1986 and 1995 and is now a mini-hub for Southwest Airlines.

Although it is a major rail hub, with a large CSX Transportation freight rail yard, Nashville is one of the largest cities in the U.S. not served by Amtrak.

Nashville launched a passenger rail system called the Music City Star on September 18, 2006. The first and only currently operational leg of the system connects the city of Lebanon to downtown Nashville. Legs to Murfreesboro and Gallatin are currently in the feasibility study stage. The system plan includes seven legs connecting Nashville to surrounding suburbs.

Notable bridges in the city are:

Official Name Other Names Length Date Opened
Korean War Veterans Memorial Bridge Gateway Bridge 506 m (1,660 ft) May 19, 2004
Kelly Miller Smith Bridge Jefferson Street Bridge March 2, 1994
Old Hickory Bridge 1929
Martin Luther King Jr. Bridge Bordeaux Bridge September 18, 1980
Shelby Street Bridge Shelby Avenue Bridge 960 m (3,150 ft) July 5, 1909
Silliman Evans Bridge 720 m (2,362 ft) 1963
Victory Memorial Bridge July 2, 1956
William Goodwin Bridge Hobson Pike Bridge 675 m (2,215 ft)
Woodland Street Bridge 195 m (639 ft)

Notable residents

Some of the most notable people born in Nashville include novelist Madison Smartt Bell, civil rights activist Julian Bond, rapper Young Buck (David Darnell Brown), singer Rita Coolidge, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, artist Red Grooms, pin-up model Bettie Page, actress Annie Potts, and soldier of fortune William Walker.

Many notable musicians have lived in Nashville including Chet Atkins, Johnny Cash, Amy Grant, Jimi Hendrix, Faith Hill, Alan Jackson, Willie Nelson, Aaron Neville, Roy Orbison, Dolly Parton, Ernest Tubb, Shania Twain, Hank Williams, Loretta Lynn, Tammy Wynette, and Ben Folds.

Other notable people who have resided in Nashville include former U.S. Vice President Al Gore, former U.S. President Andrew Jackson, civil rights leader James Lawson, former U.S. President James K. Polk, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist and poet Robert Penn Warren, Academy Awarding-winning actresses Reese Witherspoon and Nicole Kidman, talk show host and entrepreneur Oprah Winfrey, and financial talk show host, Dave Ramsey.


Nashville is a colorful, well-known city in several different arenas. As such, it has earned various sobriquets, including:

  • Music City, USA: WSM-AM announcer David Cobb first used this name during a 1950 broadcast and it stuck. It is now the official nickname used by the Nashville Convention and Visitors Bureau. Nashville is the home of the Grand Ole Opry, the Country Music Hall of Fame, and many major record labels.
  • Athens of the South: Home to seventeen post-secondary educational institutions, Nashville has long been compared to the ancient city of learning, site of Plato's Academy. Since 1897, a full-scale replica of the Athenian Parthenon has stood in Nashville, and many examples of classical and neoclassical architecture can be found in the city.
  • The Protestant Vatican or The Buckle of the Bible Belt: Nashville has over 700 churches (more than any other American city per capita), several seminaries, a number of Christian music companies, and is the headquarters for the publishing arms of both the Southern Baptist Convention and the United Methodist Church. It is also the seat of the National Association of Free Will Baptists, the Gideons International, the Gospel Music Association and Thomas Nelson, the world's largest producer of Bibles.
  • Cashville: Nashville native Young Buck, a rapper in the G-Unit clique, released a very successful album called Straight Outta Ca$hville that has popularized the nickname among a new generation.
  • Nashvegas: The rhinestones and neon of Nashville have given rise to a glitzy image that local residents have embraced. Playing off the image of Las Vegas, this nickname reflects the city's colorful nightlife and affluence. It is also an ironic play on Nashville's reputation as the Buckle of the Bible Belt. Americana music artist George Hamilton V has popularized the nickname in song.
  • Trashville: Derogatory term used among anti-"corporate country" country music fans and fans of rockabilly, psychobilly, ska, and swing music to describe the city and "radio country" music. Taken from the title of a Hank III song.
  • Titan Town: For its NFL team, the Tennessee Titans.
  • Metro: Short for "Metropolitan Nashville and Davidson County," Metro is used locally to refer to the city, as in "Metro Police" or "Metro Schools".

Sister cities

Nashville is an active participant in the Sister Cities program and has relationships with the following towns:

The city is also exploring forming a sister city relationship with Girona, Spain; Road Town, British Virgin Islands; Diyarbekir, Turkey; and Taiyuan, China.

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