Matilda of Boulogne

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: British History 1500 and before (including Roman Britain)

Matilda of Boulogne, Queen Consort of England
Matilda of Boulogne, Queen Consort of England

Matilda I or Maud (1105– 3 May 1152), was Queen consort of the Kingdom of England, the wife of King Stephen. She was also sovereign Countess of Boulogne.

She was born in Boulogne, France. She was the daughter of Eustace III, Count of Boulogne and his wife Princess Mary of Scotland, herself the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. In 1119 Matilda married Stephen, Count of Mortain, later King of England, and proved his strongest supporter during the period of civil war known as the Anarchy. Stephen and Matilda had three sons:

  • Eustace IV of Boulogne
  • Baldwin (d. before 1135)
  • William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey.

They also had two daughters, Matilda and Marie of Boulogne.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie.

Matilda died at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, England.

Preceded by
Eustace III
Countess of Boulogne
with Stephen
Succeeded by
Eustace IV
Preceded by
Adeliza of Louvain
Queen Consort of England
22 December 1135 - 3 May 1152
Succeeded by
Eleanor of Aquitaine
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