Demographics of Guinea

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography

Demographics of Guinea includes several ethnic groups, three larger ones and a number of others:

  • Fulɓe (singular Pullo). Called Peuhl or Peul ( fr:Peul) in French, Fula or Fulani in English, who are chiefly found in the mountainous region of Fouta Djallon;
  • Maninka. Malinke in French, Mandingo in English, mostly inhabiting the savanna of Upper Guinea and the Forest region;
  • Susus or Soussous. Susu is also a lingua franca in Guinea, and is commonly spoken in the coastal areas including the capital Conakry; and
  • Several small groups ( Gerzé, Toma, Kissis, etc.) in the forest region and Bagas (including Landoumas) , Koniagis etc... in the coastal area.

West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 30,000 (mostly Lebanese, French, and other Europeans). Seven national languages are used extensively; the major written languages are [[French language|French], Pular (Fula or Peuhl), and Arabic. Other languages have established Latin orthographies that are used somewhat, notably for Susu and Maninka. The N'ko alphabet is increasingly used on a grassroots level for the Maninka language.

Population: 9,690,222 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.4% (male 2,171,733/female 2,128,027)
15-64 years: 52.5% (male 2,541,140/female 2,542,847)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 134,239/female 172,236) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.63% (2006 est.)

Birth rate: 41.76 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate: 15.48 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
note: as a result of conflict in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to approximately 141,500 refugees from Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone (2006 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 90 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 49.5 years
male: 48.34 years
female: 50.7 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.79 children born/woman (2006 est.)

noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups: Fula 40%, Malinke 30%, Susu 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8% (mainly Roman Catholic Church, Église Evangelique des Frères and Église Evangelique Protestante), indigenous beliefs 7%.

Official census does not break in ethnicity or religion

Languages: French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 35.9%
male: 49.9%
female: 21.9% (1995 est.)

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