Demographics of Burundi

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography

Demographics of Burundi, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Demographics of Burundi, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

At 206.1 persons per km²., Burundi has the second-largest population density in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil. The population is made up of three major ethnic groups -- Bahutu (Hutu), Batutsi or Watusi (Tutsi), and Batwa (Twa). Kirundi is the common language. Intermarriage takes place frequently between the Hutus and Tutsis. The terms " pastoralist" and "agriculturist," often used as ethnic designations for Watusi and Bahutu, respectively, are only occupational titles which vary among individuals and groups. Although Hutus encompass the majority of the population, historically Tutsis have been politically and economically dominant.

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook

Population pyramid
Population pyramid


Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 46.3% (male 1,884,825/female 1,863,200)
15-64 years: 51.1% (male 2,051,451/female 2,082,017)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 83,432/female 125,143) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

3.7% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

42.22 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate

13.46 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

8.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 63.13 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 70.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 55.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 50.81 years
Male: 50.07 years
Female: 51.58 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

6.55 children born/woman (2006 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 6% (2003 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 250,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths: 25,000 (2003 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria (2005)


Noun: Burundian(s)
Adjective: Burundian

Ethnic groups

Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 7,000, South Asians 2,000


Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%


Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 51.6%
Male: 58.5%
Female: 45.2% (2003 est.)
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