Demographics of Botswana

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography


Botswana, like many nations in southern Africa, suffers from a high AIDS infection rate, which was 38.8% for adults in 2002. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive program involving free or cheap generic anti-retroviral drugs as well as an information campaign designed to stop the spread of the virus.

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook

Population pyramid
Population pyramid


Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 38.3% (male 319,531/female 309,074)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 460,692/female 488,577)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 23,374/female 38,585) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.04% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

23.18 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate

29.5 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

6.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 53.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 54.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 52.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 33.74 years
Male: 33.9 years
Female: 33.56 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.79 children born/woman (2006 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 37.3% (2003 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 350,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths: 33,000 (2003 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria (2005)


Noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic groups

Tswana 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Kgalagadi 3%, white 3%, other 1%


Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)


Tswana 78.2%, Ikalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 79.8%
Male: 76.9%
Female: 82.4% (2003 est.)
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