2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography

Accra, Ghana
Map of Ghana showing the location of Accra.
Map of Ghana showing the location of Accra.
Coordinates: 5°33′00″N, 0°12′00″W
District of Ghana Accra Metropolis District
Chief Executive Stanley N. A. Blankson
 - City 185 km²
 - Metro 2,905,726 km²
 - City (2005) 1,970,400
 - Urban 1,970,400
 - Metro 2,905,726
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 - Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+1)

Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic centre. The primary economic activities are financial and other services, agriculture, fishing, and manufacturing such as processed food, lumber and plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals. Accra is located at 5°30' North, 0°10' West (5.5, -0.1667). It sits nears the Greenwich Meridian in the Accra Metropolitan Area, in the Greater Accra Region.

History of Accra

Central Accra
Central Accra

Accra was founded by the Ga people in the 1500s. The word Accra is derived from the word Nkran meaning ants; reference to the numerous anthills seen in the countryside around Accra. During part of its history, Accra served as a centre for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town, followed by the Swedish, Dutch, French, British and Danish by the end of the seventeenth century.

The site of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around the original Ga town as well as British, Danish and Dutch forts and their surrounding communities: Jamestown near the British fort, Osu near the Danish Christianborg fort (now Osu Castle) and Ussherstown near the Dutch Ussher fort. The four areas form the core of the modern city.

In 1877, at the end of the second Anglo-Asante War, Accra replaced Cape Coast as the capital of the British Gold Coast colony. After the completion of a railroad to the mining and agricultural interior, Accra became the economic centre of Ghana. Large areas were destroyed by earthquakes in 1862 and 1939, but the city grew around a seaport (now relocated to Tema), and later a brewery, expanding into neighbouring towns.

Independence Arch in Accra
Independence Arch in Accra

The Accra Riots in 1948 launched the Ghanaian campaign for independence, which led to the Ghana's independence from the United Kingdom and nationhood in 1957.

Today, Accra is one of the wealthiest and most modern cities in the African continent, with a high quality of living by African standards. Accra is also known as having one of the continent's most active night lives.

Attractions in Accra

Labadi Beach
Labadi Beach

Accra is home to the National Museum of Ghana, the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Archives of Ghana, and Ghana's central library. Also of note is Christianborg or Osu Castle -- the seat of government, built by the Danes in the 17th century, the National Theatre, Accra Centre for National Culture, a lighthouse, the National Sports Stadium, the W.E.B. DuBois Memorial Centre for Pan-African Culture and several beaches. Near the Parliament of Ghana is the Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre for Excellence in ICT.

The Kwame Nkrumah Memorial is located in downtown Accra.


The National Theatre
The National Theatre

On Accra's outskirts are Achimota Secondary School which was founded in 1924 and opened in 1927, and Presby Boys' Secondary School and some of the country's leading secondary schools and, 13km north at Legon, the University of Ghana. Abelemkpe is the home of Lincoln Community School, Accra Ghana (LCS). LCS is a private, non-profit IB international school for students aged 3-18, and was established in 1968. The Defense Commission of the Organization of African Unity has its headquarters in Accra.


Accra is a major transportation hub, home to the Kotoka International Airport and lies on railway lines to Tema, Takoradi and Kumasi. The main harbour city, Tema is connected through one of Ghana's highways.

Public transit in the city is provided by a mix of privately owned Mini-buses (known as Tro-Tros), taxis and buses. Tro-Tros are usually converted Mini-buses that run a regular, well-known route. They are cheap and frequent but often in poor repair and over-crowded. Some taxis also run regular routes, which cost more but provide for a more comfortable ride. Recently in 2002, the city started introducing publicly owned buses.


La Palm

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